The main objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of water resources and mechanization inputs on the productivity and technical efficiency of crop production in the Bayramiç-Ezine- Kumkale plains located in Çanakkale province, the irrigation water was supplied by Bayramiç Dam constructed in 1996 with a capacity of 96 m3. Data were collected during a questionnaire with farmers interviewing in villages of 3-plain. According to pre-1996 period, dry-agriculture decreased while irrigated-agriculture increased in both annual and perennial crop areas, especially in silage maize, clover, feeder, peas, sorghum, apple, meddler, pomegranate, palm, quince, fig, plum, cherry, apricot, olive. With these improvement, many cold storage and olive processing factories opened with a capacity of 100% and 50%, respectively. The tractor increased by 71% in the province, 69.29% of them are in 3-plain. Tractor brands increased from one to seven, particularly New Holland. Plough (10.22%) cultivator (26.88%), disc harrow (13.90%), weed tiller (16.67%) and row-sowing (20.42%) commonly using in dry agriculture are also increased in 3-plain. Similarly, fruit harvester is increased in the province (93.92%) and 3-plain (95.48%), self-powered or tractor-powered. The increase by 5.5 times in irrigated silage maize in 3-plain which is increased maize harvester (37.31%) and stalk shredder (86.49%). This also increased sprinkling (10.89%) and drop irrigation (32.69%), while milking, seedling and maize drying machines were by 28%, 37.50%, 83.33%, respectively. Tractor power was 2.5 kW ha-1 in 1995 before the irrigation application, but this is increased by 2.5 times (5.50 kW ha-1) in the last period of 2017. The area per tractor decreased from 11.55 ha to 7.05 ha, but tractor power size increased from 35 kW to 48 kW, most of them are over 15-year old. Tractor per 1000 ha is 132 in the province, 37.4 of them are in economic life and 94 of them have over their economic life, but in 3-plain, 50% of the total park is in economic life.
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